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We live in interesting times. For many years, people have been wondering if it would be possible to reproduce the old CEM (Curtis Electro Music) and SSM (Solid State Music) chip designs from the late 1970’s and early 80’s. We’ve always been told that there wasn’t enough interest to make such a thing commercially viable, or that the start-up costs of setting up a design ran into millions or hundreds of thousands of dollars that you’d be highly unlikely to ever see again, or even that those chips were based on obsolete technology and that converting the designs to modern fabrication methods would be prohibitively expensively. For one reason or another (but mostly money!) it was always impossible. But no-one ever stopped wishing that one day those chips would come back. Now, I don’t know what’s changed, but suddenly everyone is back in the game.

New production analog synth chips

There are four companies currently producing analog synth chips. Sound Semiconductor and OnChip are what remains of SSM and CEM respectively, and CoolAudio and Alfa Rpar are the new kids on the block. Here’s what they’re making in January 2018.

Sound Semiconductor

SSI2144, an improved version of the SSM2044 filter chip with reduced control feedthrough and some other tweaks.

SSI2164, a clone of the SSM2164 quad VCA chip (coming soon)

Curtis Electromusic / OnChip

CEM3340 Rev. G oscillator. This is the original chip, as far as anyone can tell.

They changed it to “Rev. G” only because they actually downgraded the spec slightly in one regard – the original chip claimed it could run down to a +10V supply, but apparently this was not universally true, so the Rev.G specification is more realistic. If I understand it right, the underlying chip hasn’t changed, only the spec.

Alfa Rpar

AS3310 voltage controlled ADSR envelope generator

AS3320 voltage controlled lowpass filter

AS3330 dual log/lin VCA (coming soon)

AS3340 and AS3345 oscillators

AS3360 dual log/lin VCA

All of these are clones of the respective CEM chips with the same numbers. Like the Sound Semiconductor chips, these have had one or two tweaks to fix obvious flaws in the original designs and to take advantage of newer technology, but they’re pin-for-pin compatible and sound as good or better than the originals.

These folks are the ones to watch! They’re turning up with new (old!) stuff at an impressive rate, and the chips seem excellent. Electric Druid have a good relationship wth the company, and we’re going to keep a close eye on what they come up with next.

CoolAudio Semiconductor

V3340 oscillator, clone of the CEM3340.

V3320 filter, clone of the CEM3320

V2164, clone of the SSM2164 quad VCA

V13700, clone of the LM13700 dual OTA

CoolAudio have been cloning a lot of other old stuff for ages – BBD delay lines (V3207, V3208) and companders (V571) for example.

So what happened?

Well, I’m not sure, but I’ve been following the story and I can fill you in on some of that. In 2016, Uli Behringer announced that they were thinking of recreating some of the original synth chip designs, and that the CEM3340 oscillator was likely to be the first. Behringer’s semiconductor production is set up as a separate company, CoolAudio Semiconductor, so the new chip would be a CoolAudio product. Curtis Electromusic (CEM) had been having similar thoughts themselves, and the possibility of being beaten to market by a clone spurred them on to get on with it and the CEM3340 Rev. G was the first of the new wave of analog chips to hit the market. This was followed shortly after by CoolAudio’s V3340. This was the first crack in the dam. The next to appear was a collaboration between Erica Synths in Latvia and Alfa Rpar, a local chip fabricator based in Riga. They turned up with the AS3320, a clone of the CEM3320 filter featured in the Sequential Pro-One amongst many other classic synths. By this point the floodgates are open! We’ve had recent announcements that Solid State Music (SSM) are being reformed as “Sound Semiconductor” and their first product is an improved version of the classic SSM2044 filter now known as the SSI2144. I was pleased to note that they’re aiming for an improved product not a perfect clone. The resonance response on the original was far from ideal, and the control feedthrough could definitely use improvement – both of these issues have been addressed to some extent. I haven’t got hold of the chips for testing in the workshop yet, so I can’t report on how well they’ve done, but “better than the original” sounds like an excellent chip to me. They’re also thinking of producing a version of the SSM2164, the SSI2164. I await developments there with interest, and I hear that they’ve fixed a problem in the original chip which causes it to self-destruct if the negative supply is removed. That’s not a big thing, but it’s a welcome improvement.

Meanwhile, back in Latvia, no-one sleeps apparently since they must have been working flat out, and have turned up with versions of the CEM3310 envelope generator (AS3310) and their own take on the CEM3340, the AS3340. The AS3360 dual lin/log VCA was the most recent chip, but the more versatile AS3330 dual lin/log VCa is also in the pipeline. Like Sound Semiconductor, Alfa have made one or two tweaks to the designs to improve minor technical issues or other problems. However, currently Alfa are the only company who can provide a full set of synth chips (VCOs, VCFs, VCAs, and ADSRs). The others have some catching up to do!

Who’d have thought a few years ago that by 2017 we’d be in a situation were there was not one but three different sources for the 3340 VCO chip?! It’s extraordinary! Doug Curtis is either rolling in his grave or whooping and hollering at his post-mortem success! Either way, his impressive legacy is in no danger for the time being.

Cool, can I grab a few?

Absolutely! Knock yourself out! If you’re like me, you’re a kid in the synth candy store! Currently we have the following chips in stock:

These are all 0.1″ DIP format chips, which makes for easy breadboarding and experimenting. Enjoy!

Update January 2018

This article was originally posted in October 2017, but I’ve kept updating it to include new chips as they’re released, and I’ll continue to do this when something relevant happens. If anyone has any experiences to share using these new chips, I’d be fascinated to hear – please make a comment below.

24 Responses to “Analog Renaissance? The rebirth of the impossible chips”

  1. jeff buet

    Ahahah! thats a cool story,and a great thanks for tellin us! Awesome this story of chips,well analog is back again…the market is on hybrid syths..i just got a Matrixbrute,and its very very cool synth,maybe the best i ever had…mmmm,no i will say the most complete hybrid i got!! thaks a lot Druid!

  2. Geoff Potter

    There is a company called … Analogue Renaissance … that produces replacement voice chips for the Roland Juno 106, considered by many (including me) to be better and more reliable than the original.

    • Tom Wiltshire

      There is indeed! I know of Jeroen and his excellent work recreating these Roland filter modules. The irony of that is that those modules use one of the few analog chips that has been in continuous production, the LM13700 dual OTA.

  3. Scott Rider

    I’ve so far tested the 3310s, they work fine. I will be applying them to a revision of my crowbx voice card, as well as a just-about-finished crowbx-A voice card. Now if Alfa would just make some Yamaha IG-series chips…

    • DT

      Scott – Haven’t you reverse engineered all of the IG chips? What ever happened to your project? Will no one pick them up for production?

      • Tom Wiltshire

        It’s unlikely, I’d say. The CEM or SSM chips were used in a wide range of synths by various manufacturers. The IG chips were a Yamaha-specific thing and only used in a very few. For the same reason, I don’t expect to see chip manufacturers reproducing the Roland IR chips either. But if this whole story has taught me anything, it’s “never say never”!

  4. Alan Smith

    I agree, it is really marvellous that these chip have been reincarnated. However spare a thought for impatient or short-sighted people like me , who pessimistically believed no such marvel would occur. I am sitting on a collection of NOS original CEM & SSM chips, that has literally cost me thousands of pounds to amass, the chips contained are now really made redundant to all but the few who wish to remain ultra purists in their synth refurbishments, insisting on retaining only the original CEM incarnations. 🙁
    On the flip side, this new chip availability does make the prospect of my MEGA-SYNTH financially viable. Thick of 32 CEM VCOs for only……….. £160………………..WOW.

    • Tom Wiltshire

      Hey, you never know. It’s one of my favourites too, so I have actually requested it. For now, I have a good stock of original vintage CEM3372 chips so synths based on those need not worry!


  5. Holger Hohnwald

    That´s really great news! I just bought some AS 3320 for testing.
    After testing them I will include them in my upcoming Project – an external multichannel, configurable filter module which allows free choice of a number of classic analog/hybrid filters per channel, including SSM2044, SSM2045, CEM3328 and some more.
    I will release this as a product in the next few months.
    The AS 3320 will be a great add to this pool, since it seemed utopic for me to use the original.
    For anyone interested in the filter module, feel free to send me a message.
    Thank you!
    Holger Hohnwald, Germany

    • KrzysztofWitkowski

      Nice idea!
      I think that new wave of chips can bring to market some amateurs with new products.
      Everybody will benefit! 🙂
      Greets from Poland

  6. colin

    Any one else finding that the 3320 sounds better when you drop the input down to 5v p-p, then do 2x makeup gain at the output opamp?

    • Tom Wiltshire

      I’ll have to try it! In general, it’s typical for filters to sound different depending on the input level, but whether more or less drive is “better” would be a question of taste and your end purpose.

      • KrzysztofWitkowski

        In my opinion overdriving 3320 LP filter can produce great, wild sounds, especially with cranked up resonance.

  7. JB

    The SSI2164 looks to be a great chip, from all appearances. Both from a performance perspective, and from a cost standpoint, too. Way more cost-effective as a volume control than any of the Cirrus volume controls or other digipots from Analog or whomever. And way better performance than any 13600s or 13700s! Also has a -33mV/dB gain constant, which gives 100dB of attenuation at 3.3V, which is cool. That’s as good as mute for most applications.

  8. Francis Lalonde

    Also, semiconductor technology is moving on but older factories are still operating. These plants have been paid for a while ago… The excess capacity is creating opportunities for cheaper stuff that doesnt require the latest process. Such as analog synth chips, which do not compete with modern tech on a performance or power usage basis – only sound matters. Expect more to come.

  9. Paul Jones

    Just discovered this post; thank you for such promising news. Since posting, would you know if there’s any hope of seeing a reissuing of the CEM3328? I have a Crumar BIT 99 which after doing some extensive research in to the fault it has, everything points to one of those chips having gone to chip heaven some years back. It’s one of my long term goals to have said synth back up and running 🙂

    • Tom Wiltshire

      The CEM3328 is a slightly modified version of the CEM3320. If I were you, I’d look at a daughterboard that could take a SMD version of the 3320. Even if you had to replace all the filters to keep everything similar from voice to voice, it wouldn’t be too expensive to do, and certainly worth it for a synth like the Bit99. I think a reissue of the 3328 is unlikely, but you never know.


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